Auto collisions also may claim many American black bear lives annually. "Implications of a high-energy and low-protein diet on the body composition, fitness, and competitive abilities of black (, Barnes, V.G. , In British Columbia, a group of American black bears were used as guard animals to protect a marijuana plantation.. , The biggest wild American black bear ever recorded was a male from New Brunswick, shot in November 1972, that weighed 409 kg (902 lb) after it had been dressed, meaning it weighed an estimated 500 kg (1,100 lb) in life and measured 2.41 m (7.9 ft) long. American Black Bear Conservation Action Plan", "Black Bear hit by car in Southern Indiana", "Early black bear sightings in southern Wisconsin", "Biologists excited after black bear caught on camera in northeast Iowa", "Video Shows Bear in Iowa, DNR Says it Could be State's First 'Resident' Bear Since the 1880s", "Another black bear sighting in Union Co.", "Recent occurrence of an American black bear in Nebraska", "Black Bears - Great Smoky Mountains National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", 10.1644/1545-1410(2001)647<0001:UA>2.0.CO;2, "Learning and Color Discrimination in the American Black Bear", "Black bear monitoring in eastern interior Alaska", "Population, Genetic and Behavioral Studies of Black Bears, "Characteristics of Black Bears and Grizzly Bears in YNP", "American black bear videos, photos and facts –, "829-pound bear takes record in N.J. hunt", "Record-busting, 879-pound bear bagged in Poconos", "Observations on the breeding of captive black bears, Ursus americanus.  They will readily consume eggs and nestlings of various birds and can easily access many tree nests, even the huge nests of bald eagles. Individual coat colors can range from white, blonde, cinnamon, light brown or dark chocolate brown to jet black, with many intermediate variations existing. Although black is the predominant color, chocolate and cinnamon brown color phases are also common, which often results in people confusing them with brown bears. , The fur is soft, with dense underfur and long, coarse, thick guard hairs. Once the hive is breached, the bears will scrape the honeycombs together with their paws and eat them, regardless of stings from the bees.  Unless well trained, horses were often useless in American black bear hunts, as they often bolted when the bears stood their ground. Tongue-clicking and grunting are the most common sounds and are made in cordial situations to conspecifics, offspring and occasionally humans. For female bears 4 years of age or older, the average weight was 124 pounds, ranging from 95 to 165 pounds. Violent interactions, resulting in the deaths of American black bears, have been recorded in Yellowstone National Park.  Bears may catch the scent of hiding fawns when foraging for something else and then sniff them out and pounce on them. On Long Island off the coast of Washington, ranges average 5 sq mi (13 km2), whereas on the Ungava Peninsula in Canada ranges can average up to 1,000 sq mi (2,600 km2), with some male bears traveling as far as 4,349 sq mi (11,260 km2) at times of food shortages. , At least one jaguar (Panthera onca) has been recorded to have attacked and eaten a black bear: "El Jefe", the jaguar famous for being the first jaguar seen in the United States in over a century.  Men, older voters and those living in rural areas were more likely to approve of a bear hunting season in New Jersey than women, younger voters and those living in more developed parts of the state. A young adult female is often allowed to establish her territory within that of her mother, while sub adult males must disperse. If the winter is mild enough, they may wake up and forage for food. In some areas of coastal British Columbia and Alaska they also feed on spawning salmon. Although naturally made dens are occasionally used, most dens are dug out by the bear itself. Along the Pacific coast, redwood, Sitka spruce and hemlocks predominate as overstory cover. The retention of waste during hibernation (specifically in minerals such as calcium) may play a role in the bear's resistance to atrophy.. Seasonally, tens of thousands of American black bears are hunted legally across North America, with many more being illegally poached or trapped. Black bears with white and pale-blue coats (known respectively as Kermode and glacier bears) also occur in small numbers. [page needed], With the exception of the rare confrontation with an adult brown bear or a gray wolf pack, adult American black bears are not usually subject to natural predation. American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location. In the reports published since this date three species have produced young (hybrids in one case), ..., A bear shot in autumn 1986 in Michigan was thought by some to be an American black bear/grizzly bear hybrid, due to its unusually large size and its proportionately larger brain case and skull. I think it was something like: 4-5 feet (about 2/3 or a little more of the log) 150-250 pounds 5-6 feet 200-300 pounds  Across the range, the estimated number of cubs who survive past their first year is 60%. , According to Dwight Schuh in his Bowhunter's Encyclopedia, American black bears are the third most popular quarry of bowhunters, behind deer and elk.. [page needed], In his book The Great Bear Almanac, Gary Brown summarized the predominance of black or brown/blonde specimens by location:, American black bears have better eyesight and hearing than humans. Litter size ranges from one to five, but two is the average. Adult males typically weigh between 57–250 kg (126–551 lb), while females weigh 33% less at 41–170 kg (90–375 lb). In Virginia, the total length of adult bear skulls was found to average 262 to 317 mm (10.3 to 12.5 in). ", "World's oldest-known wild black bear dies at 39", "The Return of the Great American Jaguar", "Man Says Bear Saved Him from Mountain Lion Attack in Butte County", "Yellowstone National Park – Denning and Hibernation Behavior", "The bear circadian clock doesn't 'sleep' during winter dormancy", "Hibernating Bears Conserve Muscle Strength and Maintain Fatigue Resistance", "Six months of disuse during hibernation does not increase intracortical porosity or decrease cortical bone geometry, strength, or mineralization in black bear (, "Daily Updates foot pads and fecal plugs", "Hibernation of the Black and Brown Bear", "Why do Bears Like Honey [The #1 Reason They Do]", "Spirit bears become 'invisible' by Jody Bourton, Earth News reporter", "Factor affecting calf elk survival in north central Idaho", "Evidence of grizzly bear predation on a black bear in Hayden Valley", "Probable Grizzly Bear Predation on an American Black Bear in Yellowstone National Park", "Assessment and Update Status Report on the Grizzly Bear (Ursus arctos)", "Nowhere to hide: Pumas, black bears, and competition refuges", "In Yellowstone, It's a Carnivore Competition", "Key West Florida Attractions | Alligator Exhibit", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/return-great-american-jaguar-180960443/?no-ist, "Zoogoer Nov/Dec 2002 Sidebar: Smokey Comes to Washington by Alex Hawes", "Black Bears—Simple Fools or Cunning Killers", "Black Bear Kills Texas Woman, Canadian Man", "Frequently Asked Questions Regarding Bears", "Black Bears Found Guarding POT Farm In Canada", "Black bear hunt gets final approval from Department of Environmental Protection head", "Bear Necessity? Today, they are primarily limited to sparsely settled, forested areas.  At birth, cubs weigh 280–450 g (0.62–0.99 lb) and measure 20.5 cm (8.1 in) in length.  In Great Smoky Mountains National Park, adult males averaged 112 kg (247 lb) and adult females averaged 47 kg (104 lb) per one study. Despite living in North America, American black bears are not closely related to brown bears and polar bears; genetic studies reveal that they split from a common ancestor 5.05 million years ago (mya). Within this period, annual kills ranged from six bears in South Carolina to 2,232 in Maine. Litter size is between one and six cubs, typically two or three.  It is not recommended to use unleashed dogs to deter bear attacks.  Although they are the smallest bear species in North America, large males exceed the size of other bear species, except the brown bear and the polar bear. Adult male black bears can weigh between 150 and 600 pounds, and adult females usually weigh between 90 and 300 pounds. [page needed] In Kwakiutl mythology, American black and brown bears became enemies when Grizzly Bear Woman killed Black Bear Woman for being lazy.  In 1992, untanned, fleshed and salted American black bear hides were sold for an average of $165. [page needed] In the mythology of the Haida, Tlingit and Tsimshian people of the Northwest Coast, mankind first learned to respect bears when a girl married the son of a black bear chieftain. Black bears in the Great Smoky Mountains also eat insects and animal carcasses when they are available. Over the years, the sand covered them up, creating a huge sand dune. Asian black bears are similar in general appearance to brown bears, but are more lightly built and are more slender limbed. Their claws are typically black or grayish-brown. Weights and Measures: The black bear is about 1.5 m (5 feet) long. Black bear fur is usually a uniform color except for a brown muzzle and light markings that sometimes appear on their chests. Adult black bears typically weigh between 100 and 500 pounds. Favored crops include apples, oats and corns. DNA testing was unable to determine whether it was a large American black bear or a grizzly bear. Historically, black bears are thought to have stayed away from open habitat because of the risk of predation by brown bears. 2. A guess-ta-met. Roosevelt described how, in the southern states, planters regularly hunted American black bears on horseback with hounds.  Another exceptional attack occurred in August 1997 in Liard River Hot Springs Provincial Park in Canada, when an emaciated American black bear attacked a mother and child, killing the mother and a man who intervened. Adult females weigh 40–125 kg (88–276 lb), and large ones up to 140 kg (310 lb). Like brown bears, they will sometimes steal kills from cougars. Females will weigh between 209-450 pounds (95-205kg). Modern black bears, with limited habitat, average 100 to 400 pounds in weight and are generally afraid of humans. All provinces indicated stable populations of American black bears over the last decade. The average cub litter size is 1 to 3.  Despite their name, American black bears show a great deal of color variation. [page needed] American black bears often mark trees using their teeth and claws as a form of communication with other bears, a behavior common to many species of bears.  The breeding period usually occurs in the June–July period, though it can extend to August in the species' northern range. American black bear meat had historically been held in high esteem among North America's indigenous people and colonists. Spring weights would be less, but bears haven't put on a lot of weight by June.  Flooding of dens after birth may also occasionally kill newborn cubs. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) lists the American black bear as a least-concern species, due to its widespread distribution and a large population estimated to be twice that of all other bear species combined. Generally bigger than its mainland relatives, ranging in size from 90 to 270 kg (200 to 600 lb) and averaging 135 kg (298 lb). Bear Facts for Kids Facts about Black Bears Black bears can smell and hear very well. Black bears can also been seen at the Mendenhall Glacier bear viewing area in Juneau. The spruce-fir forest dominates much of the range of the American black bear in the Rockies. [page needed] It was found in Nevada and Lake Tahoe region that black bears closer to urban regions were significantly heavier than their arid-country dwelling counterparts, with males near urban areas averaging 138 kg (304 lb) against wild-land males which averaged 115.5 kg (255 lb) whereas peri-urban females averaged 97.9 kg (216 lb) against the average of 65.2 kg (144 lb) in wild-land ones. The gestation period lasts 235 days and litters are usually born in late January to early February. Adult males weigh 60–200 kg (130–440 lb) with an average weight of about 135 kg (298 lb). Across its range, the greatest skull length for the species has been reportedly measured from 23.5 to 35 cm (9.3 to 13.8 in). When the bear is walking around the site or feeding at the crib you can get an idea against the log how long the bear is. Black bears vary considerably in size, depending on the quality of the food available. Growth at the base and tapering to a point not be seen until late March,,. 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